Names Given To The Fairies





The Fairies have, in Wales, at least three common and distinctive names,

as well as others that are not nowadays used.



The first and most general name given to the Fairies is Y Tylwyth

Teg, or, the Fair Tribe, an expressive and descriptive term. They are

spoken of as a people, and not as myths or goblins, and they are said to

be a fair or handsome race.



Another common name for the Fairies, is, Bendith y Mamau, or, The

Mothers' Blessing. In Doctor Owen Pughe's Dictionary they are called

Bendith eu Mamau, or, Their Mothers' Blessing. The first is the

most common expression, at least in North Wales. It is a singularly

strange expression, and difficult to explain. Perhaps it hints at a

Fairy origin on the mother's side of certain fortunate people.



The third name given to Fairies is Ellyll, an elf, a demon, a goblin.

This name conveys these beings to the land of spirits, and makes them

resemble the oriental Genii, and Shakespeare's sportive elves. It

agrees, likewise, with the modern popular creed respecting goblins and

their doings.



Davydd ab Gwilym, in a description of a mountain mist in which he was

once enveloped, says:--



Yr ydoedd ym mhob gobant

Ellyllon mingeimion gant.



There were in every hollow

A hundred wrymouthed elves.



The Cambro-Briton, v. I., p. 348.



In Pembrokeshire the Fairies are called Dynon Buch Teg, or the Fair

Small People.



Another name applied to the Fairies is Plant Annwfn, or Plant Annwn.

This, however, is not an appellation in common use. The term is applied

to the Fairies in the third paragraph of a Welsh prose poem called Bardd

Cwsg, thus:--



Y bwriodd y Tylwyth Teg fi . . . oni bai fy nyfod i mewn

pryd i'th achub o gigweiniau Plant Annwfn.



Where the Tylwyth Teg threw me . . . if I had not come

in time to rescue thee from the clutches of Plant Annwfn.





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