Thor's Journey To The Land Of Giants





One day the god Thor set out with Loki in his chariot drawn by two

he-goats. Night coming on they were obliged to put up at a peasant's

cottage, when Thor slew his goats, and having skinned them, had them put

into the pot. When this had been done he sat down to supper and invited

the peasant and his children to take part in the feast. The peasant had

a son named Thjalfi, and a daughter, Roeska. Thor told them to throw the

bones into the goatskins, which were spread out near the hearth, but

young Thjalfi, in order to get at the marrow, broke one of the shank

bones with his knife. Having passed the night in this place, Thor rose

early in the morning, and having dressed himself, held up his hammer,

Mjolnir, and thus consecrating the goatskins; he had no sooner done it

than the two goats took again their usual form, only one of them was now

lame in one of its hind-legs. When Thor saw this he at once knew that

the peasant or one of his family had handled the bones of the goat too

roughly, for one was broken. They were terribly afraid when Thor knit

his brows, rolled his eyes, seized his hammer, and grasped it with such

force that the very joints of his fingers were white again. The peasant,

trembling, and fearful that he would be struck down by the looks of the

god, begged with his family for pardon, offering whatever they possessed

to repair the damage they might have done. Thor allowed them to appease

him, and contented himself with taking with him Thjalfi and Roeska, who

became his servants, and have since followed him.



Leaving his goats at that place, Thor set out to the east, to the

country of the giants. At length they came to the shore of a wide and

deep sea which Thor, with Loki, Thjalfi, and Roeska passed over. Then

they came to a strange country, and entered an immense forest in which

they journeyed all day. Thjalfi was unexcelled by any man as a runner,

and he carried Thor's bag, but in the forest they could find nothing

eatable to put in it. As night came on they searched on all sides for a

place where they might sleep, and at last they came to what appeared to

be a large hall, the gate of which was so large that it took up the

whole of one side of the building. Here they lay down to sleep, but

about the middle of the night they were alarmed by what seemed to be an

earthquake which shook the whole of the building. Thor, rising, called

his companions to seek with him some safer place. Leaving the apartment

they were in, they found on their right hand an adjoining chamber into

which they entered, but while the others, trembling with fear, crept to

the farthest corner of their retreat, Thor, armed with his mace,

remained at the entrance ready to defend himself, happen what might.

Throughout the night they heard a terrible groaning, and when the

morning came, Thor, going out, observed a man of enormous size, lying

near, asleep and snoring heavily. Then Thor knew that this was the noise

he had heard during the night. He immediately girded on his belt of

prowess which had the virtue of increasing his strength. The giant awoke

and stood up, and it is said that for once Thor was too frightened to

use his hammer, and he therefore contented himself with inquiring the

giant's name.



"My name," replied the giant, "is Skrymir. As for you it is not

necessary I should ask your name. You are the god Thor. Tell me, what

have you done with my glove?"



Then Skrymir stretched out his hand and took it up, and Thor saw that

what he and his companions had taken for a hall in which they had passed

the night, was the giant's glove, the chamber into which they had

retreated being only the thumb.



Skrymir asked whether they might not be friends, and Thor agreeing, the

giant opened his bag and took out something to eat. Thor and his

companions also made their morning meal, but eat in another place. Then

Skrymir, proposing that they should put their provisions together, and

Thor assenting to it, put all into one bag, and laying it on his

shoulder marched before them, with huge strides, during the whole day.

At night he found a place where Thor and his companions might rest under

an oak. There, he said, he would lie down and sleep.



"You take the bag," said he, "and make your supper."



He was soon asleep, and, strange as it may seem, when Thor tried to open

the bag he could not untie a single knot nor loose the string. Enraged

at this he seized his hammer, swayed it in both his hands, took a step

forward, and hurled it at the giant's head. This awoke the giant, who

asked him if a leaf had not fallen on his head, and whether they had

finished their supper. Thor said they were just about to lie down to

sleep, and went to lie under another oak-tree. About midnight, observing

that Skrymir was snoring so loudly that the forest re-echoed the din,

Thor grasped his hammer and hurled it with such force at him that it

sank up to the handle in his head.



"What is the matter?" asked he, awakening. "Did an acorn fall on my

head? How are you going on, Thor?"



Thor departed at once, saying that it was only midnight and that he

hoped to get some more sleep yet. He resolved, however, to have a third

blow at the giant, hoping that with this he might settle everything.

Seizing his hammer, he, with all his force, threw it at the giant's

cheek, into which it buried itself up to the handle. Skrymir, awaking,

put his hand to his cheek, and said--



"Are there any birds perched on this tree? I thought some moss fell upon

me. How! art thou awake, Thor? It is time, is it not, for us to get up

and dress ourselves? You have not far, however, to go before you arrive

at the city Utgard. I have heard you whispering together that I am a

very tall fellow, but there you will see many larger than me. Let me

advise you then when you get there not to take too much upon yourselves,

for the men of Utgard-Loki will not bear much from such little folk as

you. I believe your best way would even be to turn back again, but if

you are determined to proceed take the road that goes towards the east,

as for me mine now lies to the north."



After he had said this, he put his bag upon his shoulder and turned away

into a forest; and I could never hear that Thor wished him a good

journey.



Proceeding on his way with his companions, Thor saw towards noon a city

situated in the middle of a vast plain. The wall of the city was so

lofty that one could not look up to the top of it without throwing one's

head quite back upon the shoulder. On coming to the wall, they found the

gate-way closed with bars, which Thor never could have opened, but he

and his companions crept in between them, and thus entered the place.

Before them was a large palace, and as the door of it was open, they

entered and found a number of men of enormous size, seated on benches.

Going on they came into the presence of the king, Utgard-Loki, whom they

saluted with great respect, but he, looking upon them for a time, at

length cast a scornful glance at them, and burst into laughter.



"It would take up too much time," said he, "to ask you concerning the

long journey you have made, but if I am not mistaken that little man

there is Aku-Thor. You may," said he to Thor, "be bigger than you seem

to be. What are you and your companions skilled in that we may see what

they can do, for no one may remain here unless he understands some art

and excels in it all other men?"



"I," said Loki, "can eat quicker than any one else, and of that I am

ready to give proof if there is here any one who will compete with me."



"It must, indeed, be owned," replied the king, "that you are not wanting

in dexterity, if you are able to do what you say. Come, let us test it."



Then he ordered one of his followers who was sitting at the further end

of the bench, and whose name was Logi (Flame) to come forward, and try

his skill with Loki. A great tub or trough full of flesh meat was placed

in the hall, and Loki having placed himself at one end of the trough,

and Logi having set himself at the other end, the two commenced to eat.

Presently they met in the middle of the trough, but Loki had only

devoured the flesh of his portion, whereas the other had devoured both

flesh and bones. All the company therefore decided that Loki was

beaten.



Then Utgard-Loki asked what the young man could do who accompanied Thor.

Thjalfi said that in running he would compete with any one. The king

admitted that skill in running was something very good, but he thought

Thjalfi must exert himself to the utmost to win in the contest. He rose

and, accompanied by all the company, went to a plain where there was a

good place for the match, and then calling a young man named Hugi

(Spirit or Thought), he ordered him to run with Thjalfi. In the first

race Hugi ran so fast away from Thjalfi that on his returning to the

starting-place he met him not far from it. Then said the king--



"If you are to win, Thjalfi, you must run faster, though I must own no

man has ever come here who was swifter of foot."



In the second trial, Thjalfi was a full bow-shot from the boundary when

Hugi arrived at it.



"Very well do you run, Thjalfi," said Utgard-Loki; "but I do not think

you will gain the prize. However, the third trial will decide."



They ran a third time, but Hugi had already reached the goal before

Thjalfi had got half-way. Then all present cried out that there had been

a sufficient trial of skill in that exercise.



Then Utgard-Loki asked Thor in what manner he would choose to give them

a proof of the dexterity for which he was so famous. Thor replied that

he would contest the prize for drinking with any one in the court.

Utgard-Loki consented to the match, and going into the palace, ordered

his cup-bearer to bring the large horn out of which his followers were

obliged to drink when they had trespassed in any way against the customs

of the court. The cup-bearer presented this to Thor, and Utgard-Loki

said--



"Whoever is a good drinker will empty that horn at a draught. Some men

make two draughts of it, but the most puny drinker of all can empty it

in three."



Thor looked at the horn, which seemed very long, but was otherwise of no

extraordinary size. He put it to his mouth, and, without drawing breath,

pulled as long and as deeply as he could, that he might not be obliged

to make a second draught of it. When, however, he set the horn down and

looked in it he could scarcely perceive that any of the liquor was gone.



"You have drunk well," said Utgard-Loki; "but you need not boast. Had it

been told me that Asu-Thor could only drink so little, I should not have

credited it. No doubt you will do better at the second pull."



Without a word, Thor again set the horn to his lips and exerted himself

to the utmost. When he looked in it seemed to him that he had not drunk

quite so much as before, but the horn could now be carried without

danger of spilling the liquor. Then Utgard-Loki said--



"Well, Thor, you should not spare yourself more than befits you in such

drinking. If now you mean to drink off the horn the third time it seems

to me you must drink more than you have done. You will never be reckoned

so great a man amongst us as the AEsir make you out to be if you cannot

do better in other games than it appears to me you will do in this."



Thor, angry, put the horn to his mouth and drank the best he could and

as long as he was able, but when he looked into the horn the liquor was

only a little lower. Then he gave the horn to the cup-bearer, and would

drink no more.



Then said Utgard-Loki--



"It is plain that you are not so mighty as we imagined. Will you try

another game? It seems to me there is little chance of your taking a

prize hence."



"I will try more contests yet," answered Thor. "Such draughts as I have

drunk would not have seemed small to the AEsir. But what new game have

you?"



Utgard-Loki answered--



"The lads here do a thing which is not much. They lift my cat up from

the ground. I should not have thought of proposing such a feat to

Asu-Thor, had I not first seen that he is less by far than we took him

to be."



As he spoke there sprang upon the hall floor a very large grey cat. Thor

went up to it and put his hand under its middle and tried to lift it

from the floor. The cat bent its back as Thor raised his hands, and when

Thor had exerted himself to the utmost the cat had only one foot off the

floor. Then Thor would make no further trial.



"I thought this game would go so," said Utgard-Loki. "The cat is large

and Thor is little when compared with our men."



"Little as you call me," answered Thor, "let any one come here and

wrestle with me, for now I am angry."



Utgard-Loki looked along the benches, and said--



"I see no man here who would not think it absurd to wrestle with you,

but let some one call here the old woman, my nurse, Elli, and let Thor

wrestle with her, if he will. She has cast to the ground many a man who

seemed to me to be as strong as Thor."



Then came into the hall a toothless old woman, and Utgard-Loki told her

to wrestle with Asu-Thor. The story is not a long one. The harder Thor

tightened his hold, the firmer the old woman stood. Then she began to

exert herself, Thor tottered, and at last, after a violent tussle, he

fell on one knee. On this Utgard-Loki told them to stop, adding that

Thor could not desire any one else to wrestle with him in the hall, and

the night had closed in. He showed Thor and his companions to seats, and

they passed the night, faring well.



At daybreak the next morning, Thor and his companions rose, dressed

themselves, and prepared to leave at once. Then Utgard-Loki came to them

and ordered a table to be set for them having on it plenty of meat and

drink. Afterwards he led them out of the city, and on parting asked Thor

how he thought his journey had prospered, and whether he had met with

any stronger than himself. Thor said he must own he had been much

shamed.



"And," said he, "I know you will call me a man of little might, and I

can badly bear that."



"Shall I tell you the truth?" said Utgard-Loki. "We are now out of the

city, and while I live and have my own way, you will never again enter

it. By my word you had never come in had I known before you had been so

strong and would bring us so near to great misfortune. I have deluded

thee with vain shows; first in the forest, where I met you, and where

you were unable to untie the wallet because I had bound it with

iron-thread so that you could not discover where the knot could be

loosened. After that you gave me three blows with your hammer. The first

blow, though the lightest, would have killed me had it fallen on me, but

I put a rock in my place which you did not see. In that rocky mountain

you will find three dales, one of which is very deep, those are the

dints made by your hammer. In the other games, I have deceived you with

illusions. The first one was the match with Loki. He was hungry and eat

fast, but Logi was Flame, and he consumed not only the flesh but the

trough with it. When Thjalfi contended with Hugi in running, Hugi was my

thought, and it was not possible for Thjalfi to excel that in swiftness.

When you drank of the horn and the liquor seemed to get lower so slowly,

you did, indeed, so well that had I not seen it, I should never have

believed it. You did not see that one end of the horn was in the sea,

but when you come to the shore you will see how much the sea has shrunk

in consequence of your draughts, which have caused what is called the

ebb. Nor did you do a less wondrous thing when you lifted up the cat,

and I can assure you all were afraid when you raised one of its paws off

the ground. The cat was the great Midgard serpent which lies stretched

round the whole earth, and when you raised it so high then did its

length barely suffice to enclose the earth between its head and tail.

Your wrestling match with Elli was, too, a great feat, for no one has

there been yet, and no one shall there be whom old age does not come and

trip up, if he but await her coming. Now we must part, and let me say

that it will be better for both of us if you never more come to seek me,

for I shall always defend my city with tricks, so that you will never

overcome me."



When Thor heard that he grasped his mace in a rage, and raised it to

hurl it at Utgard-Loki, but he had disappeared. Then Thor wanted to

return to the city, but he could see nothing but a wide fair plain. So

he turned, and went on his way till he came to Thrudvang, resolving if

he had an opportunity to attack the Midgard serpent.





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